Volume 16, Issue 3, Summer 2015, Page 6-285

The Influence of Positive Psychological Capital upon Innovative Performance An Analytical study for Opinions of a Sample of Lecturers from Al- Qadissiya and Al-Muthenna Universities

Yousif M. S. Al taain; Ihssan D. Chalab

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 6-29

This research tries to find out the relationship and influence of positive psychological capital (self-efficacy, hope, optimism, and resilience) on the dependent variable (innovative performance) represented by its three dimensions (idea generation, idea promotion, and idea application) in order to collect data. This research depends on questionnaire that was distributed to a sample of (423) instructors in (26) Colleges at the Universities of Qadissiya and Muthanna. The main focus of this research is to test two hypotheses derived from each three other sub hypotheses. This was achieved by using a set of statistical methods, such as statistical means, standard deviation and percentages, and correlation coefficients and ANOVA. The results extracted were based on statistical program (SPSS, V.20). The research found many conclusions that relate to the existence of positive correlation statistically significant to dimensions of positive psychological capital which can be combined individually with every dimension of innovative performance at varying levels and in different proportions. Moreover, it became clear that the respondents have a desire that departments of colleges would reward creative individuals who overcame the obstacles by exchanging ideas and information that will enable them to develop themselves and their colleges through the achievement of quality innovations. It is recommend that in order to discover the best ways to attract individuals with high leadership qualities that university leaders should develop the mechanisms to attract and retain those individuals through the twinning between universities and international organizations and with the aim of raising the innovative capabilities of teaching staff.

The Role of Logistic Management in Achieving Competitive Priorities

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 30-43

This study was to demonstrate the role of Logistic Management in achieving competitiveness to priorities, as adopted in their theoretical study, the subject of Supply Management as an independent variable, as well as addressed to priorities to the issue of competitiveness variable dependent.
For the practical aspect of the study which was included to clarify correlations and the impact of the activities of Logistic Management with (transport, storage, flow of information and communications, customer service) in dimensions to priority competitiveness (cost, quality, flexibility, delivery) in the light of the analysis of correlations and effect between these hubs, they have adopted the current study on a set of assumptions and the main sub-existence of a correlation between the moral and the impact of the activities of Logistic Management activities to priorities and competitiveness.
It has been selected Samawah in Al Muthanna province cement plant in the field to conduct the study, as it has been selected a sample of (122) employees Samawah cement plant, I used form of questionnaire key tool to collect data and information from the concerned subject, and in order to achieve the objectives of the study were to adopt a specimen Default expressed the correlation and impact between the variables of the study, has been tested model and study hypotheses using a combination of statistical techniques and the light of the results of the analysis was to reach a set of conclusions of the most prominent:
1. The study results showed the existence of significant correlation between the axes of Logistic Management (transport , storage , flow of information and communications , customer service) and to priorities competitiveness ( cost , quality , flexibility , delivery) .
2. The study results showed the existence of a significant effect for logistic Management axes to priorities on competitiveness.
Depending on the conclusions reached by the study, it has provided a set of recommendations including: -
1. The need to adopt the plant the study population more attention -term management of the activities because of their role in promoting the competitive dimensions to priorities , in addition to the need to pay attention to priorities dimensions of being competitive in the basic means of survival, growth and achieve superiority over competitors .
2. The searched plant must construct a special section with name of Logistic Management acting as planning, implementation and follow-up of all activities for S Logistic Management.

Analysis of the requirements of accreditation according to the model (CIPOF): A prospective study in the College of Technology Management / Kufa and Technical College / Najaf model

Ali Abboud Ali; Majid Jabbar Fatlawi Gzaa

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 44-61

Prepare Dame (Damme) model for academic accreditation of universities and European dubbed Sipov (CIPOF) in the year 2004, in his study entitled " Criteria and Indicators institutional accreditation and program in higher education: a conceptual framework and a model proposal, where he put a model comprehensive and multi-level to meet the requirements of academic accreditation in Higher Education. what distinguishes the model is simply the node conceptual assumptions and components which it is based and which was launched from the philosophy of systems theory (System Theory), as well as he collected between standard and program in the design and content (Programmatic and Normative) in the description and analysis of the path of academic accreditation . The goal of the research is to re-test model (CIPOF) in the higher education environment Iraqi (Technical College administrative / Kufa and Technical College / Najaf). It also will address research on the analysis of the characteristics and mechanisms of action of the model to determine the level of responsiveness in achieving accreditation. The study found many of the indicators and Views, which confirmed that the Academic Accreditation has become a hot issue in the literature of higher education and the need for a strategic task in light of the growing challenges and market forces education, which calls for more scientific effort systematic and planned the simultaneous strengthening the efficiency and the requirements of accreditation from a letter the educational institution and the end of their programs school.

The impact of liquidity on the performance of the governor of ordinary shares applied study in the Iraq Stock Exchange

Ali N. Eobeid; Ali J. Abed Ali

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 62-80

The aim of this study is to select the assets portfolio of common stocks in accordance with the high liquidity in the market, We assume that the selection of high liquidity stocks allows best trade-off between the return and risk and increases the efficiency of the portfolio. By using a sample of (35) listed companies of Iraqi stock exchange (Ise) for the period from 2007 to 2012. The study concluded that share's liquidity has significant effect on the characteristics of portfolio, therefore, The investor can get efficient portfolio if he chooses his portfolio composition from high liquidity stocks have been measured by using Bid-ask spread manner.

The necessities of foreign direct investment in the commodity sectors in Iraq (analytical study)

Hala Hashim Kadhim Abd; Abdel AL-Karim J. Shnjar

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 82-97

That Iraq after 2003 returned again to acquire the right opportunity for economic advancement under the guidance right to deal with the attributes of the natural resources , particularly crude oil, comes this trend consistent with what is happening in developing countries change the perception of foreign capital aimed at investments after these countries were to consider the seriousness of that money on national sovereignty .

Government Expenditure and its role in achieving millennium Development Goals for Health in Iraq

Maha K. Ali; Salem A. Racine

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 98-117

Health is a human right to enjoy the highest attainable standard of physical mental health in addition to the contribution of in building human capital which is a prerequisite to achieving sustainable so began research hypothesis that government spending on health has effective role in the progress in achieving the millennium development health and find the path of progress direction of these goals have been caused by the first government spending .
The study was divided into three sections the first section the first section included government spending and the millennium development goals as part of my health either second topic , the reality of government on health in Iraq . The third section deals with monitoring the millennium development goals and health indicators and indications of reality .
The study found number of conclusion and recommendations , the most prominent most public spending goes for operating expenses and do not take a little investment expenditures in addition to the weakness of government spending , which had a decline in the role of the health millennium development goals , the most important recommendations to be giving relative importance to the issue of public health in the preparation of budgets and address the imbalance in the structure of government health spending .

The Causality Relationship between Changes in Money Supply and GDP Growth in Iraq for Period (1980-2012)

Adel Fadhala Muttair; Nabeel M. AL Janabi

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 118-133

The research aims to examine the causal relationship between changes in the money supply and GDP growth in Iraq. The variables used in the study are: money supply (M1, M2, M3) and the Nominal GDP (NGDP). The data used are annual data for the period (1980-2012), has been using Granger causality and co-integration test and error correction model to determine the direction of the causal relationship between the two variables and the relationship equilibrium in the long term and short term. Show the results of the model error correction there are a relationship equilibrium long-term relationship between money supply (M1,M2,M3) and NGDP, as shown by the results of the test Granger causality going from money supply to scale the narrow and wide to the GDP, and it supports the views of Monetarism the impact of money on economic activity.

Analysis of the tunnels of the federal budgets in Iraq during the period (2006-2012)

Hamad Abed AL-Zeyadi; Batool mutar Ebadi

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 134-146

The budget plan annual financial contain estimates of the costs and revenues of the state for years to come in order to achieve economic and social goals that need to leave and the approval of the highest legislative authority for the issuance law binding on the executive power, has passed the budget in several stages and trends, including traditional and system performance, planning, programming, and budgeting system zero, and Budget contractual and also divided the budget expenditures to operating expenses and investment, and characterized the budget in Iraq on the acquisition of operating expenses to total public expenditure and the effect of reducing the size of the investment expenditure and this study highlights the investment allocations directed various economic sectors with evaluating the efficiency of exchange financial these customizations.

The economic impact of the delay in adoption of the general budget on the Iraqi economy

Baqir K. Habib A l-Jubouri

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 147-167

That any study of economic policy or all of the shock suffered by the national economy has three main fields: the field of qualitative, quantitative field, the field of dynamic in our study: Field qualitative ;The evolution of the concept of the general budget of the Iraqi state since it was founded and rules, and the cycle of the general budget, which Tzment how to prepare the general budget and the role of the Ministry of Finance and Planning and the government in the preparation and finally approved by the legislature and timing that must be on the branches that do not go beyond it . Quantitative field: Guarantees the challenges faced by the general budget in Iraq, where the study showed allocations which have the largest share, which resulted in inflated the size of government expenditures, as it showed that the compensation of employees allocations have accounted for the largest percentage of operating expenses to slouch administrative structure of government political Ktheloah reasons unrelated to the obligations economic, comes from the fact that after the social Alt_khasbesat Iraqi state has become a sponsor of state nationals (rents) and these customizations have no economic feasibility. Field Dynamic: Represents in a statement the reasons for the delay in approving the budget, which were distributed between the economic and social reasons, political and sectarian and zonal as this field to ensure the economic consequences of the delay in approving the state budget on some macroeconomic Almngerar Iraqi economy Finally .

Equilibrium relationship between the budget deficit and foreign cash reserves in Iraq for the duration of the test (2003- 2013) using - Model Johansen-

Sawsan K. Hodan

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 168-190

The Activity financial state proceeding according to a specific program specifically includes all state expenses and their revenues approved by the for the year to come on the whole and customized in a statement accompanied by Balsafh compulsory by the legislative branch more often than not called this program the general budget, which have come to represent reflective Alemraep for state intervention in the activity economic, as the activation of fiscal policy is influenced by the situation which is the public budget, whether surplus or deficit suffer from certain. Economic variables are related to relations may be of a single-effect has influence extends with each other to be reciprocal influence, from here, this search will be dedicated to the study of the relationship between two of the most important economic variables which are of great importance, namely (cash reserve and budget deficit) in Iraq theoretical and practical study of mutual effects between them, and on this basis has been the division of research into two, taking the first of which the theoretical side of the search having to offer to the phenomenon of the budget deficit in terms of the concept and the types and sources of funding and an explanation of the nature of foreign exchange reserves in Iraq and then stand on the relationship between these two variables, as devoted the second axis of the search side application, which included an explanation of the Achtbrat used in the search in addition to measuring the stability of time-series variables Find and then focus on the equilibrium relationship between the cash reserve and budget deficit in Iraq, using a form Johansen co-integration, and as having reached search a set of conclusions of the most important that the budget is one of the most important economic indicators that show the country's economic center is the inability of the document showing the amount of the increase in public expenditure in excess of the general revenue during the period of time usually Snh.okzlk, the highest percentage reached a deficit of the public budget for GDP in Iraq during the period studied was in 2005, amounting to (19.21%), and the lowest rate was in 2010, amounting to (0.03%).

Corporate Governance and its role to control earnings management practices Case study in Iraq

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 192-221

This study aims to test the role of a number of corporate governance internal mechanisms in controlling earnings management practices and the extent to which that role is influenced by the management equity rate and the rate of price / book value of share. This is applied to the 91 stock companies listed in the Iraqi Stock Market.
To achieve this aim, the researcher came with two sets of hypotheses. The first is concerned with corporate mechanisms represented by Board of Directors and Internal Audit & Review Committee; and the second is concerned with checking the impact of management equity rate and the rate of price / book value of share
The study findings were as follows:
1. There is a significant role by the Board of Directors to control earnings management practices. The more efficient the Board of Directors is in terms of its small size and increased external members, the less the earnings management practices will be, and vice versa.

The Effect of Tax Price Change and Personal allowance on the Tax Revenue outcome

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 222-236

The rates of tax is one of the important means to raise proceeds of tax revenues, since This research aims to identify the reasons for the low tax rates and doubling the slides and the increase of allowances granted to taxpayers and their Atheraly tax revenue, as were these amendments in the tax laws to keep pace with economic and social conditions, in order to reduce the incidence of tax evasion and charged with Almottagnpin involvement of the tax, to increase tax revenues so that the tax system can achieve its financial economic and social development, The aim of this research is to identify the reasons for the low tax rates and doubling the slides and the increase of allowances granted to taxpayers, and has pursued a search descriptive approach in the presentation of the theoretical basis depending on the sources of relevant scientific, but in the practical side of it has been relying on form questionnaire and analyze their own data.

Challenges faced by the Iraqi electronic payments system (Applied Study at the Central Bank of Iraq)

Mustafa M. Ibrahim; Abdul Ameer A. Shayaa

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 237-250

The Iraqi banking sector works in a changing banking environment, which requires it to keep abreast of developments that occur on the system, as the electronic payments system will be the future system for all payments forms in all institutions, Because it leads to speed completion of transaction accurately and effectively for its essential role to the financial and monetary authority. This system faces challenges, some of which is the customers not understanding the system and the benefits that it could bring to them and to the development of banking environment, which is still working by traditional methods in the Iraqi Banks. Also not having the suitable infrastructures and the weakness of data and information, in addition to the failing cultural levels of the cadre working at the Iraqi Banks. We have found, while practically working, the huge significant difference in the period between 2011 and 2013, in money transference, whether for the temporary total settlement system or for the clearing electronic instruments system, and whether in Iraqi Dinars or in US dollars.

Role of Six Sigma in Improving Quality and Reducing The Cost of Poor Quality Applied Study in The Factory of Kufa Cement

Hatim K. Kadhm

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 251-269

The use of Six Sigma Approach helps in improve the Quality and reduce the Cost of Poor Quality of any Costs of the Failure of both types of internal and external by removing defects in production to the lowest identified as possible while maintaining the identical product quality of specifications and standards and maintain customer satisfaction and the satisfaction of needs and desires, so is the research problem high cost of Poor Quality compared total of the cost of Quality, as is evident through the report information of quality costs for Factory sample as a result of the failure of the administration Factory tunnels sufficient Spending on prevention activities that work to remove defects early and work correctly since the first glance, this leads to a reduction the cost of poor quality, which requires the need to Six Sigma Approach which is one of the most important Administrative Approaches which contributes to improving quality and reducing costs at the same time , so research aims to apply the Six Sigma Approach in the Factory sample and know the location of the production for Factory of the Six Sigma Approach by knowing the level of quality ( degree of Sigma ) applied in the Factory
The research found a set of conclusions including: the level of Sigma in a Factory of Kufa cement of ( 3.5) nearly It is possible to raise the level of Sigma for this Factory to (4) in order to reduce the cost of Poor quality by (108 675 196 ) diners , and so on down to the level of Sigma (6 ) at which to be Poor Quality costs less as possible so as to approach towards zero defects and this can only be achieved in the long term. And a set of recommendations including: induction to increase spending on prevention activities and work correctly from the beginning to avoid the high percentage of defects in production and the high cost of Poor quality , as well as the use of Experts , Specialists and Consultants from outside the economic unit through the stages of the application of Six Sigma Approach for the purpose of addressing the problems faced by the economic unit when the application or implementation of this approach.

Classification The Iraq Provinces according to some variants of the health sector

AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences, 2015, Volume 16, Issue 3, Pages 271-285

The health sector of the important sectors in the rehabilitation of a society free of injuries and diseases through the dissemination of health awareness among the community, and it has a comparative study between Iraq's provinces by incorporating years of 2010 - 2012 except for the province of Kurdistan / Iraq from a health point of using cluster analysis by Classification variables in the totals characterized by qualities and characteristics in common within each group, and application the methods of cluster analysis (Average Linkage Between Groups, Average Linkage Within Groups, Single Linkage Method, Complete Linkage Method, Centroid Method, Median Method and Wards Method, and compute the K-Means Cluster Analysis and use the sum and percentage analysis for three years and summation of this years and we can classify the provinces for two groups.