An Authentic Scientific Quarterly
Issued by the College of Administration and Economics - University of Al-Qadisiyah
ISSN Print 1816-9171
ISSN Online 2312-9883
Register number at the Books and Documents House
696 for the year 2000


Chairman of Editorial Board:
 Chief Editor Prof. Saleh A. Rashid (Ph.D.) - University of Al-Qadisiyah
 Managing Editor Prof. Ihssan Dahash Chalab (Ph.D.) - University of Al-Qadisiyah

Members:
 Prof. So'aud Ch. Mashkor (Ph.D.) - Al-Muthanna University
 Prof. Adeeb Q. Shindi (Ph.D.) - Wasit University
 Prof. Abdulhosein J. Al-Ghalibi (Ph.D.) -Al-Kufa University
 Prof. Allam M. Mosa (Ph.D.) - Ahlia University - Bahrain
 Prof. Batol M. Abady (Ph.D.) - University of Al-Qadisiyah
 Asst. Prof. Ali J. Abd (Ph.D.) - University of Al-Qadisiyah
 Asst. Prof. Nadhem Sh. Jabbar (Ph.D.) - University of Al-Qadisiyah
 Asst. Prof. Raheam J. Dhaher (Ph.D.) - University of Al-Qadisiyah

Advisory Body:
 Prof. Mahdi M. Al-Allaq (Ph.D.) - Secretary General of the Council of Ministers
 Prof. Qassem N. Al-Mahyawi (Ph.D.) - President of the University of Sumer
 Prof. Ahmed I. Al-Ali (Ph.D.) - Board member of the Central Bank of Iraq
 Prof. Mudhhir M. Saleh (Ph.D.) - Economic Adviser - Office of the Prime Minister
 Prof. Adem G. Al-Auteibi (Ph.D.) - Editor of the Arab Journal of Administrative Sciences, Kuwait University, Kuwait
 Prof. Mohammad Ratol (Ph.D.) - Editor of the journal Economics of North Africa, Algeria
 Prof. Abdulnafea A. Alzirari (Ph.D.) - College of Administrative and Economic Sciences University Philadelphia, Jordan
 Prof. Ateya Al-Jayar (Ph.D.) - Professor of Economics Department of Land and Water, Agricultural Research Center, Egypt
 Prof. Larissa Vladimirovna shulgina (Ph.D.) - The Voronezh State Technological Academy in Russia
 Prof. Mourad Kouachi (Ph.D.) - Editor of the journal Economic and Financial Research - Oum El Bouaghi University, Algeria

Language Supervisions:
 Arabic language: Asst. Teacher: Abdul Hassan Shoaib Ahmed
 English language: Lect. Lobna Ali

Technical Supervisions:
 Typesetting & Print: Mr. Amir Kadem Abed
 Secretarial: Mrs.Sana Jabbar Tuoama